ISONG Asian / Far East Region
Regional Ambassador - Japan
Michiko Mizoguchi, PN, Ph.D
Role of nurses and nurse training
Recently enhancement of nursing services has been required to meet the advanced and diversified healthcare, the aging society with fewer children, and the diversified citizens’ needs. In 2009, amendment bills for the Act on Public-Health Nurses, Midwives and Nurses and other laws by lawmaker-initiated legislation gained approval for the first time in 60 years. The main amendments are specifying graduation from a 4-year college degree for eligibility to take the nurse’s examination, revising the course terms of public health nurse and midwife education, and providing obligatory newly-graduated nursing personnel training. In 2015, the partial amendment of the Act on Public Health Nurses, Midwives and Nurses was enforced. It expanded the role of nurses who took specific training to practice medical interventions.
There are several courses of basic nursing education in Japan. In the main courses, basic nursing education is provided at 4-year colleges/universities, 3-year junior colleges or 3-year training schools after graduation from high school to take a national examination to obtain the national license. Education for public health nurses and midwives is provided at colleges/universities, one-year colleges or training schools, and master’s programs at graduate schools. If a 4-year college/university education includes a training program for public health nurses and/or midwives, graduates can qualify to take the national examination, not only for nurses, but also for public health nurses and/or midwives.
In Japan, the qualification of public health nurses, midwives, nurses and assistant nurses is stipulated by law, while the certification of specialized nurses is not specified by law. Although many organizations and societies certify such personnel, credentialing system by JNA (Japanese Nursing Association) is socially recognized and evaluated. This credentialing system by JNA, intends to offer quality healthcare to citizens and the following three certificates; certified nurse specialists (CNS), certified nurses (CN) and certified nurse administrators (CNA).
Nursing in JAPAN, Japanese Nursing Association
URL: http://www.nurse.or.jp/jna/english/pdf/nursing-in-japan2016.pdf [Cited 1 Jun 2017]